After their arrival, Frankl caused Kanner at Johns Hopkins.

In 1943, they each published a paper within the journal Nervous Child, both centered on interaction difficulties in small children — but, crucially, the 2 documents bore various games. Frankl’s work had been “Language and affective contact,” whereas Kanner’s had been “Autistic disruptions of affective contact.” In the future, the phrase ‘autism,’ so entered into American psychiatric language, became connected with Kanner’s title. A couple of months later,...

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